An Overview of Indian Dacine Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae: Dacini)

Abstract views: 12 / PDF Downloads: 9

Authors

  • A. Vasudha Dept. of Agricultural Entomology, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu (641 003), India
  • Md. Abbas Ahmad Dept. of Entomology, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Pusa (Samastipur) Bihar (848 125), India
  • M. L. Agarwal Dept. of Entomology, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Pusa (Samastipur) Bihar (848 125), India

Keywords:

Dacini, phylogeny, distribution, host associations, male lures, bacterial associations

Abstract

Fruit flies belonging to tribe Dacini are pertinent pests of horticultural crops in Southeast Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa and Australasian Oceanian region. They pose enormous threats to fruit and vegetable production throughout the world, causing both quantitative and qualitative losses. Ninety two species of dacine fruit flies (28 endemic, 30.43% endemism) belonging to three genera, viz. Bactrocera Macquart (51 species, 17 endemic, 33.33% endemism), Dacus Fabricius (10 species, 3 endemic, 30.0% endemism), and Zeugodacus Hendel (31 species, 8 endemic, 25.80% endemism), and 19 subgenera have been listed from India. Of these, nine endemic species, viz. Bactrocera (Bactrocera) andamanensisB. (B.) blairiaeB. (B.) curtivitta, B. (B.) patula, B. (B.) ranganathiB. (Calodacus) harrietensis, Dacus (MellesisinsulosusZeugodacus (Zeugodacusfuscoalatus, Z. (Z.) havelockiae are known only from Andaman & Nicobar Islands. The current understanding of the morphology of the tribe, together with data on their biology, habitat associations, and distribution combine presents a picture of the phylogenetic relationships within the group. Besides, the knowledge of biology and behaviour of dacine species suggests that there is a close relationship between the fly species and their host plants which involves adult’s feeding, host recognition, courtship and mating, oviposition, larval feeding and bacteria associations. In the present paper notes on subgeneric classification of Dacini, their distribution, endemism, relative occurrence of different taxa, phylogeny, host associations, pest status, male lures and bacterial associations have been added.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Downloads

Published

2019-10-23

How to Cite

1.
Vasudha A, Ahmad MA, Agarwal ML. An Overview of Indian Dacine Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae: Dacini). IJBSM [Internet]. 2019 Oct. 23 [cited 2024 Feb. 21];10(Oct, 5):491-506. Available from: https://ojs.pphouse.org/index.php/IJBSM/article/view/3870

Issue

Section

Articles