Essential Oils: An Effective Therapeutic Strategy against SARS-CoV-2


  • Santwana Palai Dept. of Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, OUAT, Bhubaneswar, Odisha (751 003) India
  • Shyam Sundar Kesh Dept. of Veterinary Clinical Complex (Veterinary Biochemistry), F/O-VAS, West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, Kolkata, West Bengal (700 037) India


Aromatic plants, COVID-19, Medicinal plants, SARS-CoV-2


Thousands of individuals have perished as a result of Covid-19 and it has turned into a global problem. The novel coronavirus 2019 (nCoV-2019), also known as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has spread rapidly following its discovery in Wuhan patients with acute pneumonia in China. No medication or vaccine are available to treat human coronavirus infection successfully. The alternative therapies and cures are not are effective or authorised to treat Corona virus. Treatments are primarily supportive because no particular pandemic cure has been licenced. New interventions will most likely take months to years to mature. Using antiviral medicinal herbs as an auxiliary or supportive therapy seems to be a viable alternative. The essential oils of medicinal plants have antiviral and immunomodulatory effects. Being rich in antioxidants, essential oils can be used to develop new antiviral remedies. Such beneficial essential oils are being evaluated and exploited for its potent therapeutic use against many viruses. These natural compounds bestow antiviral actions by disrupting the viral life cycle during viral entry, assembly, replication, discharge and virus-specific host targets. This study highlights the essential oils derived from medicinal and aromatic plants with in vitro and in vivo antiviral effects. Essential oils having known pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties can be repurposed as a strategy against deadly SARS-CoV-2 infection.  These essential oils of herbal plants can be an effective therapeutic strategy against SARS-CoV-2 when used along with conventional antiviral medicines.


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How to Cite

Palai S, Kesh SS. Essential Oils: An Effective Therapeutic Strategy against SARS-CoV-2. IJBSM [Internet]. 2021 Dec. 31 [cited 2024 May 25];12(Dec, 6):719-24. Available from: