Study of Apple Varieties in High-Density Plantation under Cold Dry Temperate Conditions of Kinnaur

Authors

  • Arun Kumar Dept. of Fruit Science, Sharbo, Kinnaur, Himachal Pradesh (172 107), India https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5418-2784
  • Gopal Singh Dept. of Fruit Science, College of Horticulture, YSPUH&F, Nauni, Solan, Himachal Pradesh (173 230), India
  • Vijay Kumar Dept. of Fruit Science, Regional Horticultural Research & Training Station, Bajaura, Kullu, Himachal Pradesh (175 125), India
  • Meena Kumari Dept. of Fruit Science, Krishi Vigyan Kendra Lahul & Spiti-II at Tabo, Lahaul and Spiti, Himachal Pradesh (172 113), India
  • Sushil Dhiman Dept. of Soil Science, Regional Horticultural Research & Training Station, Sharbo, Kinnaur, Himachal Pradesh (172 107), India

Keywords:

Jeromine, productivity, red velox, m9, red cap valtod

Abstract

The study was carried out to evaluate four apple varieties on different rootstocks under high-density plantations in the cold temperate region of Kinnaur for growth, yield and quality attributes. The experiment evaluated four apple varieties ‘Red Cap Valtod/MM 106’, ‘Red Velox/M9’, ‘Jeromine/M9’ and ‘Super Chief/MM 106’ planted at a spacing of 2.5×1.0 m2 in Randomized Block Design, with four replicates. From the evaluation of data on growth, floriculture and quality standards, it was clear that var. Jeromine/M9 followed by Red Velox/M9 has recorded better horticultural performance than other varieties studied. Among different varieties Red Velox/M9 recorded maximum shoot extension growth (22.65 cm), trunk girth (47.27 mm) and tree height (340.02 cm), tree spread (175.52 E-W and 181.68 cm N-S), number of fruit set tree-1 (41.85), fruit Breadth (78.90  mm), fruit weight (207.39 g fruit-1), TSS (10.11 °Brix), whereas, maximum fruit set (25.48%), fruit length (71.74 mm), yield (3.59 kg tree-1) and productivity (14.35 MT Hac-1) was recorded in cultivar Jeromine/M9. However, the maximum number of fruits tree-1 was observed in the variety Red Cap Vatod/MM 106. Variety, Red Velox /M9 was found to be superior for growth, flowering, yield and quality characteristics with good market potential under Kinnaur conditions.

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Published

2022-04-30

How to Cite

1.
Kumar A, Singh G, Kumar V, Kumari M, Dhiman S. Study of Apple Varieties in High-Density Plantation under Cold Dry Temperate Conditions of Kinnaur. IJBSM [Internet]. 2022 Apr. 30 [cited 2024 May 20];13(Apr, 4):372-7. Available from: https://ojs.pphouse.org/index.php/IJBSM/article/view/4223

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