Phenotypic Screening of F3 Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Population Resistance Associated with Sheath Blight Disease

Authors

  • Ashmita Timsina Dept. of Mycology and Plant Pathology, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh (221 005), India.
  • Uday Kumar Thera Dept. of Mycology and Plant Pathology, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh (221 005), India. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3319-1339
  • Naveenkumar Ramasamy Dept. of Agriculture, School of Agriculture and Biosciences, Karunya Institute of Technology and Sciences, Karunya Nagar, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu (641 114), India

Keywords:

Biplot-analysis, cluster analysis, IC277275, IC277332, Sheath blight, UPGMA

Abstract

The experiment was conducted during July–December, 2019 in the Agricultural Research Farm Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. One hundred and twenty-two F3 rice populations from the cross made between IC277332 (susceptible parent)×IC277275 (moderately resistant parent) were evaluated against sheath blight disease under field conditions. The area under disease progress curve (AUDPC) values categorized rice population into four groups viz., moderately resistant (24), moderately susceptible (38), susceptible (40), and highly susceptible (20). A moderate resistance level to the disease was identified during the study in 24 lines (19.6%) with a mean Percentage Disease Index (PDI) of 12.22%−36.6%. Furthermore, 38 individuals showed moderate susceptibility with AUDPC values (1012−1446 day-1). The maximum PDI and AUDPC value were 76.11 and 2325.56, and the minimum PDI and AUDPC values were 22.78 and 622.22, respectively. The principal component (PCA) biplot analysis showed 71.62% and 12.05% variation, respectively. Unweighted Pair Group Method of Arithmetic Means (UPGMA) cluster analysis grouped the 122 individuals into two major clusters, A and B and sub-clusters. These findings indicated that no rice line resistant to sheath blight had been identified.  However, few population lines exhibited moderate resistance, which can be utilized as donor lines to generate sheath blight-resistant rice cultivars. These findings will provide a solid basis for our future breeding and screening activities at the institution.

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Published

2022-05-31

How to Cite

1.
Timsina A, Thera UK, Ramasamy N. Phenotypic Screening of F3 Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Population Resistance Associated with Sheath Blight Disease. IJBSM [Internet]. 2022 May 31 [cited 2024 May 20];13(May, 5):527-34. Available from: https://ojs.pphouse.org/index.php/IJBSM/article/view/4247

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