Equisetum arvense (horsetail) Extract: The First Approved Basic Substance Allowed for EU Crop Protection

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Authors

  • A. Taylor Institut de l’Agriculture et de l’Alimentation Biologiques (ITAB) Inputs Dept., 149 rue de Bercy, F- 75595 Paris CEDEX 12, France
  • R. Bonafos Montpellier SupAgro, Dept. of Biology and Ecology 2 Place Pierre Viala, F-34060 Montpellier, France
  • M. Chovelon Institut de l’Agriculture et de l’Alimentation Biologiques (ITAB) Inputs Dept., 149 rue de Bercy, F- 75595 Paris CEDEX 12, France
  • C. E. Parvaud Institut de l’Agriculture et de l’Alimentation Biologiques (ITAB) Inputs Dept., 149 rue de Bercy, F- 75595 Paris CEDEX 12, France
  • A. Furet ADABIO, 95 rue des Soudanières, F-01250 CEYZERIAT, France
  • N. Aveline ADABIO, 95 rue des Soudanières, F-01250 CEYZERIAT, France
  • C. Bertrand Universite de Perpignan Via Domitia (UPVD), Dept. CRIOBE Centre de Recherches Insulaires et Observatoire de l'Environnement (USR 3278), 52 avenue Paul Alduy, F-66860 PERPIGNAN Cedex 9, France
  • P. A. Marchand Institut de l’Agriculture et de l’Alimentation Biologiques (ITAB) Inputs Dept., 149 rue de Bercy, F- 75595 Paris CEDEX 12, France https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6006-1663

Keywords:

Basic substance, biorational, Equisetum arvense, fungicide horsetail, plant protection, Regulation 1107/2009

Abstract

Equisetum arvense is an herbaceous perennial plant traditionally used in human medicine (i.e. for organic silicon supplementation)It is an approved basic substance with fungicidal properties under Article 23 of agricultural EU pesticide regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 (Anonymous, 2009) since 2014 and in Organic Production since 2016. Currently, its approved uses are for arboriculture, horticulture, ornamentals and viticulture through initial approval and two use extensions granted in 2016 and 2017. Further use extensions to allow cereal use have been submitted to the EU Commission for evaluation in 2018. Thus, fungicide usages for the cereals are being evaluated by the EU regulatory assessment organisation, with ESA outcome in 2020 and further discussion at Commission level since. Horsetail extracthas recently been shown to have antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, antitumor, cytotoxic and anticonvulsant activities. Initial main field trials to demonstrate its plant protection properties were coordinated in France by the “4P” project “Protection des Plantes Par les Plantes” (Plant Protection by Plants) between 2010 and 2013 but additional field trials were later collected. We detail in this study the results obtained and all the uses of this decoction as a plant protection product. In addition, we describe the full approval processes for the basic substance Equisetum arvense and the extensions of use, covered by the Article 23 of the plant protection regulation in EU.

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Published

2022-06-27

How to Cite

1.
Taylor A, Bonafos R, Chovelon M, Parvaud CE, Furet A, Aveline N, et al. Equisetum arvense (horsetail) Extract: The First Approved Basic Substance Allowed for EU Crop Protection. IJBSM [Internet]. 2022 Jun. 27 [cited 2024 Mar. 4];13(Jun, 6):566-77. Available from: https://ojs.pphouse.org/index.php/IJBSM/article/view/4254

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