An In vitro Approach to Optimize Levels of Moringa oleifera Meal Incorporation in Total Mixed Ration for Crossbred Heifer Calves

Authors

  • Lunagariya, P. M Dept. Livestock Research Station; Anand Agricultural University, Anand, Gujarat (388 001), India https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0482-1503
  • Sherasiya, A. N. Dept. Animal Nutrition Research Station, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Anand Agricultural University, Anand, Gujarat (388 001), India
  • Sorathiya, K. K. Dept. Animal Nutrition Research Station, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Anand Agricultural University, Anand, Gujarat (388 001), India
  • Patel, J. H. Dept. Livestock Research Station; Anand Agricultural University, Anand, Gujarat (388 001), India
  • Pandya, P. R. Dept. Animal Nutrition Research Station, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Anand Agricultural University, Anand, Gujarat (388 001), India

Keywords:

Crossbred heifer, digestibility, gas production, in vitro, Moringa, ME

Abstract

An in vitro experimentation outside living animals to evaluate feed/fodders on digestibility and gas production is cheap, easy and having more control condition as compared to an in vivo evaluation on livestock which is costly and time-consuming event. The incorporation of Moringa oleifera meals @ 2.5– 22.5% with increment of 2.5% in total mixed ration-TMR replacing concentrate mixture (50%) was assessed on in vitro digestibility, total gas production (TGP) and metabolizable energy (ME) content for growing crossbred heifer calves. The roughage part (50%) of TMR was hybrid napier (15%) and ground nut straw (35%). All these ingredients were oven dried for twenty four hour at 70°C and finely ground in hammer mill using 1 mm sieve. 500 mg of each TMR were incubated at 39±1°C for 48 hours in triplicate along with blank without TMR. The results of experiment revealed that incorporation of Moringa oleifera meal @ 5.0% with increment levels of 2.5% and higher levels up to 22.5% to replace high protein concentrate mixture (50%) in total mixed ration containing 50% roughage (15% hybrid napier and 35% ground nut straw) has improved (p<0.05) in vitro dry matter digestibility (60.879±0.251 to 64.678±0.679%), in vitro gas production (81.000±9.018 to 95.667±1.764 ml/500 mg TMR) and ME content (2.356±0.068 to 3.223±0.057 Mcal ME kg-1 TMR) of total mixed ration. The levels 5% and above up to 22.5% with increment of 2.5% level in total mixed ration replacing concentrate mixture was found suitable for in vivo growth study of crossbred heifer calves.

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Published

2022-07-29

How to Cite

1.
P. M L, A. N. S, K. K. S, J. H. P, P. R. P. An In vitro Approach to Optimize Levels of Moringa oleifera Meal Incorporation in Total Mixed Ration for Crossbred Heifer Calves. IJBSM [Internet]. 2022 Jul. 29 [cited 2024 May 22];13(Jul, 7):661-6. Available from: https://ojs.pphouse.org/index.php/IJBSM/article/view/4265

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