Assessment of Genetic Diversity Among Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp] Genotypes using SSR Markers

Authors

  • K. Vinay Dept. of Genetics and Plant breeding, College of agriculture Rajendranagar, PJTSAU, Hyderabad (500 030), India https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2093-7944
  • P. Jagan Mohan Rao Seed Research and Technology Centre, PJTSAU, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad (500030), India
  • N. Sandhya Kishore Regional Agriculture Research Station, Warangal, PJTSAU (506 007), India
  • Y. Hari Regional Agriculture Research Station, Warangal, PJTSAU (506 007), India

Keywords:

Cowpea, dendrogram, genetic diversity, germplasm, microsatellites, polymorphism, SSR

Abstract

In the present study, 32 genotypes of cowpea were evaluated for genetic diversity through simple sequence repeats (SSR) markers at Biotechnology laboratory, Regional Agriculture Research station, Warangal, Telangana state, India during during rabi (October−February, 2020−21). 25 pairs of SSR primers were employed to analyze the genetic diversity among the genotypes. The polymorphic bands were scored visually as present (1) or absent (0) on a binary matrix and this information was utilized in the calculation of Jackard’s similarity matrix using NTSYS-pc version 2.1. Dendrogram was constructed using the Unweighted pair Group Method with an Arithmetic mean (UPGMA) algorithm. Out of 25 markers, only eight markers have shown scorable polymorphism, while fifteen markers exhibited monomorphic banding pattern and remaining two markers showed no banding pattern. A dendrogram of these genotypes based on SSR polymorphism divided into three major clusters at 23% similarity. Genetic similarity among the genotypes ranged from 13−100% with an average of 57%. High genetic similarity of 100% was recorded between the genotypes namely WCP-4 and WCP-6, GC-1712 and PCP-1124, PGCP-69 and CPD-313. The genotypes TPTC-29 and KBC-9 appeared more divergent than remaining genotypes with 26% similarity which indicates that they are genetically more distant from other genotypes and can be utilized in crossing programmes. The present study revealed that microsatellites can be successfully utilized for assessment of genetic diversity to establish relationships among the germplasm lines of cowpea.

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Published

2022-08-24

How to Cite

1.
Vinay K, Rao PJM, Kishore NS, Hari Y. Assessment of Genetic Diversity Among Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp] Genotypes using SSR Markers. IJBSM [Internet]. 2022 Aug. 24 [cited 2024 May 20];13(Aug, 8):815-21. Available from: https://ojs.pphouse.org/index.php/IJBSM/article/view/4284

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