Eco-friendly and Cost-Effective Methods of Pasteurization of Substrates for Oyster Mushroom Cultivation

Authors

  • S. Jeet Dept. of Plant Pathology, Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana (125 004), India
  • S. K. Mehta Dept. of Plant Pathology, Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana (125 004), India https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9514-6755
  • R. K. Chugh Dept. of Plant Pathology, Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana (125 004), India
  • K. Raj Dept. of Plant Pathology, Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana (125 004), India

Keywords:

Hot-water, oyster, paddy, pasteurization, solarisation, substrates, wheat

Abstract

The present study was conducted during October, 2020−March, 2021 at Mushroom Technology Laboratory, Department of Plant Pathology, Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana, India to find out the effects of solar heat and hot-water on pasteurization of substrates.  A significant maximum temperature of 59.9°C was recorded in wheat substrate of 2.0' heap height covered with black polythene sheet for 6 h. A maximum temperature of 48.0°C was recorded in solar heat treatment of substrates for 6 h. The main aim of pasteurization is to reduce harmful microflora on substrates. The least bacterial colonies at 6.7×10cfu g-1 substrate were recorded in wheat substrate of 2.0' heap height covered with black polythene sheet for 6 h and the highest at 9.4×10cfu g-1 in paddy straw of 1.0' heap height uncovered for 2 h. The minimum fungal colonies at 4.7×10cfu g-1 were recorded in wheat substrate of 2.0' heap height covered with black polythene sheet for 6 h followed by 4.9×10cfu g-1 in paddy straw. A maximum number of fungal colonies at 6.9×10cfu g-1 were seen in wheat straw of 1.0' heap height uncovered for 2 h.  In hot-water treatment, the minimum bacterial colonies at 3.7×10cfu g-1 substrate and fungal colonies at 1.9×10cfu g-1 substrate were observed in wheat substrate treated at 70°C for 20 m followed by bacterial colonies at 4.3×109 and fungal colonies at 2.1×10cfu g-1 in hot-water treated paddy substrate at 70°C for 20 m.

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Published

2022-08-28

How to Cite

1.
Jeet S, Mehta SK, Chugh RK, Raj K. Eco-friendly and Cost-Effective Methods of Pasteurization of Substrates for Oyster Mushroom Cultivation. IJBSM [Internet]. 2022 Aug. 28 [cited 2024 May 24];13(Aug, 8):868-76. Available from: https://ojs.pphouse.org/index.php/IJBSM/article/view/4291

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