Retrospective Study of Ascites in Canines of North Gujarat Region

Authors

  • A. S. Prajapati Dept. of Clinics, Kamdhenu University, Sardarkrushinagar, Gujarat (385 506), India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8940-8840
  • A. N. Suthar Dept. of Medicine, College of Veterinary Science & A. H., Kamdhenu University, Sardarkrushinagar, Gujarat (385 506), India
  • P. M. Chauhan Dept. of Clinics, Kamdhenu University, Sardarkrushinagar, Gujarat (385 506), India
  • K. D. Patel Dept. of Medicine, College of Veterinary Science & A. H., Kamdhenu University, Sardarkrushinagar, Gujarat (385 506), India

Keywords:

Ascites, Canine, North Gujarat, prevalence, retrospective, ultrasonography

Abstract

The present work was conducted to evaluate the trend of ascites in canines of the North Gujarat region, India during 2017−2020. A total of 5094 dogs were presented for diverse clinical history at Veterinary Clinical Complex Deesa and Dantiwada. Amongst the dogs evaluated with clinical approach supported by ultrasonographic investigation in ascites suspected cases, total 91 were found affected. A thorough evaluation was conducted on all the dogs for various clinical signs. In most cases, the prominent clinical signs were abdominal distension, abnormal heart sound, and lethargy. History of no deworming was noticeable feedback from dog owners. Year wise prevalence of ascites was noted as 1.12% (2017), 1.12% (2018), 1.38% (2019) and 3.25% (2020) irrespective of etiologies. An increasing trend of ascites cases was observed over the years under evaluation. Female dogs were found more prone to ascites condition. Higher prevalence was observed in dogs one to the 5-year age group. Maximum numbers were reported from non-descript breed (n=19), labrador (n=13) and German shepherd (n=10). Anechoic fluid and fibrin in the abdominal cavity were consistent findings in most cases during ultrasonographic evaluation. Ascites can be prevented by regular deworming and by diet management.

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Published

2022-09-25

How to Cite

1.
Prajapati AS, Suthar AN, Chauhan PM, Patel KD. Retrospective Study of Ascites in Canines of North Gujarat Region. IJBSM [Internet]. 2022 Sep. 25 [cited 2024 May 20];13(Sep, 9):981-6. Available from: https://ojs.pphouse.org/index.php/IJBSM/article/view/4305

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