The Agronomic and Quality Descriptions of Ethiopian Bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Variety “Boru”

Authors

  • Gadisa Alemu EIAR, Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella (P.O. Box 489), Ethiopia
  • Negash Geleta EIAR, Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella (P.O. Box 489), Ethiopia
  • Alemu Dabi EIAR, Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella (P.O. Box 489), Ethiopia
  • Ruth Duga EIAR, Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella (P.O. Box 489), Ethiopia
  • Cherinet Kasahun EIAR, Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella (P.O. Box 489), Ethiopia
  • Abebe Delasa EIAR, Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella (P.O. Box 489), Ethiopia
  • Tamirat Negash EIAR, Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella (P.O. Box 489), Ethiopia
  • Tafesse Solomon EIAR, Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella (P.O. Box 489), Ethiopia
  • Habtemariam Zegaye EIAR, Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella (P.O. Box 489), Ethiopia
  • Abebe Getamesay EIAR, Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella (P.O. Box 489), Ethiopia
  • Dawit Asnake EIAR, Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella (P.O. Box 489), Ethiopia
  • Bayisa Asefa EIAR, Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella (P.O. Box 489), Ethiopia
  • Zerihun Tadesse EIAR, Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella (P.O. Box 489), Ethiopia
  • Berhanu Sime EIAR, Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella (P.O. Box 489), Ethiopia
  • Bekele Abeyo CIMMYT, Addis Ababa (P.O. Box 5689), Ethiopia
  • Ayele Badebo CIMMYT, Addis Ababa (P.O. Box 5689), Ethiopia
  • Endashaw Girma Holeta Agricultural Research Center, Holeta (P.O. Box 31), Ethiopia
  • Tilahun Bayisa Sinana Agricultural Research Center, Bale (P.O. Box 208), Ethiopia

Keywords:

Boru, commercial, diseases resistance, high yielding, local check, standard check, superior

Abstract

A multiplications evaluation was conducted with twenty-eight advanced bread wheat genotypes and two standard checks for two consecutive years 2017 and 2018 at Kulumsa, Asasa, Robe Arsi, Bekoji, Areka, Shambu, Holeta, Adet, Enawari, Awalgera, and Debra Zeit, Ethiopia. The objective of the paper was to describe the agronomic and quality related traits of newly developed bread wheat varieties “Boru” for optimum moisture areas of Ethiopia. Boru is a commercial name given for a newly released variety with the pedigree name SAUAL/MUTUS/6/CNO79//PF70354/MUS/3/PASTOR/4/BAV92*2/5/FH6-1-7/7/CNO79//PF. 70354/MUS/3/PASTOR/4/BAV92*2/5/FH6-1-7 which originated from CIMMYT germplasms. Boru is adapted within the range of altitude 2050 to 2780 masl with annual rainfall amount receiving from 620 to 1290 mm. Boru showed superior overall agronomic performances over the standard check Wane and Hidasse and it had a 9% and 14% yield advantage respectively. The new variety had a bold seed size than the two checks. Boru variety showed relative resistance to stemyellow and leaf rust as compared to wheat varieties under production at the medium to high land wheat-growing agro-ecologies. Boru offers new hope for resource-poor farmers in rust-prone areas of Ethiopia.  It’s expected to replace the variety ‘Ogolcho’ in medium areas, and ‘Hidasse’ in high land areas of Ethiopia. In addition, the Boru variety is known for its higher protein content (14.37%) than standard check Wane (12.14%) and local check Hidasse (12.3%).

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Published

2022-10-21

How to Cite

1.
Alemu G, Geleta N, Dabi A, Duga R, Kasahun C, Delasa A, et al. The Agronomic and Quality Descriptions of Ethiopian Bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Variety “Boru”. IJBSM [Internet]. 2022 Oct. 21 [cited 2024 May 24];13(Oct, 10):1090-7. Available from: https://ojs.pphouse.org/index.php/IJBSM/article/view/4318

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Articles