Assessment of the Growth Performance by RNA:DNA Ratio in Cyprinus carpio var. communis (Scale carp) Using Different Dietary Protein Levels

Authors

  • Hussna Bhat Division of Fish Genetics and Biotechnology, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences & Technology of Kashmir, Ganderbal, Kashmir (190 006), India
  • Irfan Ahmad Division of Fish Genetics and Biotechnology, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences & Technology of Kashmir, Ganderbal, Kashmir (190 006), India https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2401-0409
  • Oyas Asmi Division of Fish Nutrition and Biochemistry, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences & Technology of Kashmir, Ganderbal, Kashmir (190 006), India
  • Feroz Shah Division of Fish Health Management, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences & Technology of Kashmir, Ganderbal, Kashmir (190 006), India
  • Bilal Bhat Division of Social Sciences,Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences & Technology of Kashmir, Ganderbal, Kashmir (190 006), India
  • Tarik Hussain Division of Post-Harvest Technology, Faculty of Fisheries, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences & Technology of Kashmir, Ganderbal, Kashmir (190 006), India

Keywords:

RNA:DNA ratio, silkworm pupae, growth, protein

Abstract

The study was conducted at wet laboratory of Faculty of Fisheries, Rangil, Ganderbal, SKUAST-Kashmir, India from the time period of March to June, 2019 on scale carp fingerlings (Cyprinus carpio var. communis) to determine the growth performance by measuring RNA:DNA ratio in scale carp after fed with dietary protein level. The fingerlings were fed with three different levels of silkworm pupae supplement [17.51 g 100 g-1 (T1), 14.42 g 100 g-1 (T2), 11.33 g 100 g-1 (T3)] and a control in which no silkworm pupae was included. RNA:DNA ratio were highest in T(1.609), followed by T(1.526) and T(1.239) while the control showed the lowest ratio (0.929). Similarly, fingerlings fed with Silkworm pupae supplemented diets (T1, T2 and T3) exhibited relatively better growth in terms of body weight gain, % weight gain, specific growth rate (SGR), feed conversion ratio (FCR) and protein efficiency ratio (PER) as compared to the control. The highest weight gain of 2.4 g was recorded in T1 followed by T2 (2.09 g) and T3 (1.52 g) while the control achieved the lowest weight gain of 0.72 g. Overall, the results revealed that T1 performed better as compared to the rest treatments and control. In general, the RNA:DNA ratio and growth results correlate with each other in different treatments and control. So, RNA:DNA ratio seems to be as an effective and rapid indicator of growth performance.

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Published

2022-11-27

How to Cite

1.
Bhat H, Ahmad I, Asmi O, Shah F, Bhat B, Hussain T. Assessment of the Growth Performance by RNA:DNA Ratio in Cyprinus carpio var. communis (Scale carp) Using Different Dietary Protein Levels. IJBSM [Internet]. 2022 Nov. 27 [cited 2024 May 18];13(Nov,11):1302-11. Available from: https://ojs.pphouse.org/index.php/IJBSM/article/view/4350

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