Breeding of Indian Spiny Loach, Lepidocephalichthys thermalis (Valenciennes, 1846) under Captive Conditions

Authors

  • Ajit Chaudhari Regional Research Centre, ICAR-Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh (521 137), India
  • Sugantham Felix Tamil Nadu Dr. J. Jayalalithaa Fisheries University, TNJFU- Madhavaram Chennai Campus, Madhavaram milk colony, Chennai (600 051), India
  • Saroj Kumar Swain Aquaculture Production and Environment Division, ICAR-Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture, Bhubaneswar, Odisha (751 002) India
  • Arumugam Uma Dept of Aquatic Animal Health Management, Dr. MGR Fisheries College and Research Institute, TNJFU, Ponneri (601 204) , India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9429-4075

Keywords:

Spiny loach, Lepidocephalichthys thermalis, breeding, spawning, captive condition

Abstract

The breeding of Indian spiny loach, Lepidocephalichthys thermalis was standardized under laboratory conditions at Madhavarm campus, Tamil Nadu Dr Jayalalithaa Fisheries University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India during May - August, 2014. Three different conditions were maintained in the breeding tanks which included gravel bed at the bottom with floating aquatic plants, gravel bed at the bottom without plants and soft sand layer bed at the bottom without plants. Spawning took place in the tanks provided with gravel bed at the bottom with and without plants. The eggs were transparent, adhesive and found attached to the plants and gravels. The incubation period ranged from 20-30 h at a temperature of 29.5°C. The newly hatched larvae were transparent with an average body length of 2 mm when observed microscopically. On day 1, larvae were thread- like with two external gill filaments on either side of the head and a pair of pectoral fin and a rounded caudal fin. On day 5, larvae developed four external gill filaments on either side of the head with prominent eyes, dark pigmentation with an average total length of 3.5 mm. On day 10, larvae had well-developed dorsal fin and a pair of anal fin. On day 10, larvae had an average total length of 13 mm with two pairs of barbels. Four weeks old larvae resembled the adults with an average total length of 20 mm. It is concluded that Indian spiny loach could be successfully bred in captive conditions by providing specialized spawning environment.

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Published

2022-11-29

How to Cite

1.
Chaudhari A, Felix S, Swain SK, Uma A. Breeding of Indian Spiny Loach, Lepidocephalichthys thermalis (Valenciennes, 1846) under Captive Conditions. IJBSM [Internet]. 2022 Nov. 29 [cited 2024 May 18];13(Nov,11):1341-7. Available from: https://ojs.pphouse.org/index.php/IJBSM/article/view/4354

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