A Review on the Influence of Noise on the Welfare of Dogs

Authors

  • R. Raghy Dept. of Livestock Production and Management, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Veterinary Education and Research, Kurumbapet, Pondicherry (605 009), India https://orcid.org/0009-0002-2372-280X
  • Ninan Jacob Dept. of Veterinary Physiology, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Veterinary Education and Research, Kurumbapet, Pondicherry (605 009), India
  • J. Tamizhkumaran Veterinary Services, Dvara E Dairy, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (600 113), India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.23910/1.2023.3483

Keywords:

Breed, dogs, health, sound, noise, noise sensitivity, welfare

Abstract

The purpose of ears is to receive and transmit sound information to the brain. All ears have a dynamic functioning range but if sounds are excessively loud, it may harm the auditory system whereas those that are too low in intensity are simply not processed. One-third of canine population suffers from noise aversion. Dogs are frequently startled by loud noises like gunshots, thunder, or fireworks. Research indicates that some dog breeds are significantly less likely to experience loud noise phobia. Older dogs are more prone to react emotionally negatively to loud noises. Extreme phobic reactions can result from a single traumatic encounter as well as recurrent exposure to frightful stimuli. While phobic responses might include panic, acute agitation, and/or destructive activity, mild fear responses can include panting, pacing and hiding attempts. Sudden, loud noises are one of the most common triggers for fearful behaviours in dogs and many companion dogs suffer from noise sensitivity. This review deals with physiology of canine ear, breed differences in hearing capacities, frequencies of sound that affect dogs and the physiological and behavioural responses of dogs to noise stress. The effect of music on canine welfare and strategies for noise abetment is also elucidated. To protect the wellbeing of dogs and to limit the emergence of anxiety-related behavioural stress issues, a better understanding of interpreting canine responses to noise is imperative.

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Published

2023-05-27

How to Cite

1.
Raghy R, Jacob N, Tamizhkumaran J. A Review on the Influence of Noise on the Welfare of Dogs. IJBSM [Internet]. 2023 May 27 [cited 2024 May 22];14(May, 5):789-95. Available from: https://ojs.pphouse.org/index.php/IJBSM/article/view/4415

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Section

Articles