Association Between Dominant Wheat Stem Rust Races Found in Ethiopia and Grain Yield in Advance Bread Wheat Genotypes

Authors

  • Tafesse Solomon Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella (P.O.Box 489), Ethiopia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6941-8806
  • Berhanu Sime Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella (P.O.Box 489), Ethiopia
  • Alemu Dabi Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella (P.O.Box 489), Ethiopia
  • Gadisa Alemu Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella (P.O.Box 489), Ethiopia
  • Negash Geleta Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella (P.O.Box 489), Ethiopia
  • Tamirat Negash Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella (P.O.Box 489), Ethiopia
  • Abebe Delesa Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella (P.O.Box 489), Ethiopia
  • Habteamriam Zegeye Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella (P.O.Box 489), Ethiopia
  • Rut Duga Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella (P.O.Box 489), Ethiopia
  • Fikrte Yirga Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella (P.O.Box 489), Ethiopia
  • Bayisa Asefa Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella (P.O.Box 489), Ethiopia
  • Dawit Asnake Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella (P.O.Box 489), Ethiopia
  • Abebe Getamesay Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella (P.O.Box 489), Ethiopia
  • Demeke Zewdu Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella (P.O.Box 489), Ethiopia
  • Daniel Kasa Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella (P.O.Box 489), Ethiopia
  • Niguse Degefa Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella (P.O.Box 489), Ethiopia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.23910/1.2023.4233a

Keywords:

APR, genotypes, IT, races, stem, rust, wheat yellow rust

Abstract

The study was conducted in 2019 and in 2020 across two locations: Dhera and Asasa in Ethiopia to study the correlation between dominant stem rust races found in Ethiopia and grain yield on bread wheat genotypes found in the national wheat research program pipelines. Twenty three bread wheat genotypes and two released bread wheat varieties set as a Bread Wheat National Variety Trial by the national wheat research program for low altitude and planted at Dhera and Asasa. A square lattice design with two replications used for experiment conducted on the field. A plot of six rows, size of 2.5 m by 1.2 m, and a total area of 3 m2 used. The same genotypes planted using complete randomized design in three replications at Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center green house. Seven-day old seedlings were inoculated with spores of selected races: TTTTF, TKTTF, TKKTF, TTRTF and BULK. Data on infection types (IT) were recorded 14 days after inoculation using 0–4 scale. Result in the study revealed that Grain yield had positive genotypic association with all four races but bulk at Dhera. A very high negative significant genotypic correlation r=-0.708*** obtained between Grain yield and field Stem rust diseases score at Asasa. Those genotypes carrying race-specific effective gens for the races used in the green house were resistance at the seedling stage. But, on the field, at the adult stage, they lost the resistance and become susceptible.

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Published

2023-09-27

How to Cite

1.
Solomon T, Sime B, Dabi A, Alemu G, Geleta N, Negash T, et al. Association Between Dominant Wheat Stem Rust Races Found in Ethiopia and Grain Yield in Advance Bread Wheat Genotypes . IJBSM [Internet]. 2023 Sep. 27 [cited 2024 May 20];14(Sep, 9):1305-12. Available from: https://ojs.pphouse.org/index.php/IJBSM/article/view/5001

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Articles