Elements Affecting Seed Potato Quality In India- A Review

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Authors

  • Murlidhar J. Sadawarti ICAR- Central Potato Research Institute, RS, Gwalior, MP (474 020), India https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2469-2075
  • S. P. Singh ICAR- Central Potato Research Institute, RS, Patna, Bihar (801 506), India
  • Tanuja Buckseth ICAR- Central Potato Research Institute, Shimla, HP (171 001), India
  • Sugani Devi ICAR- Central Potato Research Institute, RS, Jalandhar, Punjab (144 003), India
  • R. K. Singh ICAR, Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, Varansi, UP (221 305), India
  • Vinod Kumar ICAR- Central Potato Research Institute, Shimla, HP (171 001), India
  • Subhash Katare ICAR- Central Potato Research Institute, RS, Gwalior, MP (474 020), India
  • Brajesh Singh ICAR- Central Potato Research Institute, Shimla, HP (171 001), India
  • Priyadarshani A. Khambalkar Dept. of Agriculture, Rajmata Vijaya Raje Sciendia Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Gwalior, MP (474 005), India
  • R. K. Samadhiya ICAR- Central Potato Research Institute, RS, Gwalior, MP (474 020), India
  • Y. P. Singh ICAR- Central Potato Research Institute, RS, Gwalior, MP (474 020), India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.23910/1.2023.4952a

Keywords:

Pre-harvest, post-harvest factors, quality, seed potato

Abstract

Potato has high potential for food and nutritional security. In India, potato cultivation was spread over different states over diverse agro-climatic conditions.  Even though edaphic and climatic conditions are suitable for cultivation in India, national average productivity is very low (24.12 t ha-1) as compared to some of the developed countries in the world. Hence with increasing demand of potato, high quality seed is of utmost importance to increasing the productivity. Quality seed is a critical input in potato cultivation and accounts for about 40–50% of the total cost of cultivation. Most significant constraint in lower productivity is attributed to lack of quality seed tubers especially to small and marginal farmers in India. Varietal purity, seed health, physiological age, prevalence of pest and diseases, change in virus vector relationship and poor knowledge of seed selection and ignorance about Seed Plot Technique are the important aspects which affect the seed potato quality. Pre harvest and post-harvest elements viz selection of variety, area of seed production/climatic conditions, agronomy/ agro techniques for seed production, improving tuber size, rouging, plant protection measures, harvesting, post harvest handling and storage are the important elements which affect quality of seed potato production. Therefore, this review mainly focuses on the above said factors for the quality seed potato production and further enhancement of the productivity.

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Published

2023-12-21

How to Cite

1.
Sadawarti MJ, Singh SP, Buckseth T, Devi S, Singh RK, Kumar V, et al. Elements Affecting Seed Potato Quality In India- A Review. IJBSM [Internet]. 2023 Dec. 21 [cited 2024 Mar. 4];14(Dec, 12):1592-607. Available from: https://ojs.pphouse.org/index.php/IJBSM/article/view/505

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