Performance of Some Japanese Plum (Prunus salicina) Cultivars in Mid-hill Condition of Kullu Valley, Himachal Pradesh

Authors

  • Disha Thakur Dept. of Fruit Science, Dr. Y.S Parmar University of Horticulture & Forestry, Regional Horticulture Research and Training Station, Bajaura, Kullu, Himachal Pradesh (175 124), India https://orcid.org/0009-0003-7017-783X
  • Kiran Thakur Dept. of Fruit Science, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Dr. Y. S Parmar University of Horticulture & Forestry, Thunag, Mandi, Himachal Pradesh (175 048), India
  • Manish Thakur Dept. of Fruit Science, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Dr. Y. S Parmar University of Horticulture & Forestry, Thunag, Mandi, Himachal Pradesh (175 048), India
  • Ajender Negi Dept. of Fruit Science, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Dr. Y. S Parmar University of Horticulture & Forestry, Thunag, Mandi, Himachal Pradesh (175 048), India
  • Rimpika Dept. of Fruit Science, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Dr. Y. S Parmar University of Horticulture & Forestry, Thunag, Mandi, Himachal Pradesh (175 048), India
  • Rimpika Dept. of Fruit Science, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Dr. Y. S Parmar University of Horticulture & Forestry, Thunag, Mandi, Himachal Pradesh (175 048), India
  • Vijay Kumar Dept. of Fruit Science, Dr. Y.S Parmar University of Horticulture & Forestry, Regional Horticulture Research and Training Station, Bajaura, Kullu, Himachal Pradesh (175 124), India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.23910/1.2023.4874a

Keywords:

Cultivars, growth, Japanese plum, physico-chemical properties, yield

Abstract

A study was conducted during February to July, 2020 and 2021 at the Horticultural Research  Station Seobagh, Himachal Pradesh, India to evaluate various attributes of plum under the mid-hill temperate zone. Ten plum cultivars Red Beaut, Au Rosa, Au Amber, Satluj Purple, Kala Amritsari, Shiro, Frontier, Mariposa, Black Amber, Queen Rosa, and Angeleno grafted on wild apricot were evaluated alongside with numerous standards in a high-density experimental orchard, and these types were compared with the “Santa Rosa” variety as a control. According to the findings, Red Beaut ripened first whereas the cultivar Mariposa took 150 days from flowering to harvest, making it the last to be picked. The cv. Au Rosa had the largest trunk girth (44 cm), cv. Mariposa likewise had the longest shoots, measuring 180 cm, cv. Frontier had the highest fruit output per tree (145 kg), closely followed by the cv. Black Amber (140 kg) which also has maximum fruit size (5.4 cm), and weight (130 g). The cv. Frontier (14.1°B) showed the highest TSS, followed by the cv. Mariposa (14.0°B), while the cv. Kala Amritsari showed the lowest TSS. The plum cultivar Kala Amritsari displayed the highest fruit acidity, at 2.3%. Due to their ability to extend the repining period from May through August, the plum cultivars Red Beaut, Frointer, Mariposa, and Black Amber were found to be appropriate for commercial cultivation in Himachal Pradesh.

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Published

2023-11-19

How to Cite

1.
Thakur D, Thakur K, Thakur M, Negi A, Rimpika, Rimpika, et al. Performance of Some Japanese Plum (Prunus salicina) Cultivars in Mid-hill Condition of Kullu Valley, Himachal Pradesh. IJBSM [Internet]. 2023 Nov. 19 [cited 2024 May 20];14(Nov, 11):1495-501. Available from: https://ojs.pphouse.org/index.php/IJBSM/article/view/5067

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Articles