Economic Approach for Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticle-based Freeze Indicator for Fish Products

Authors

  • K. R. Sreelakshmi ICAR-Central Institute of Fisheries Technology, Matsyapuri, Cochin, Kerala (682 029), India https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5421-9065
  • C. O. Mohan ICAR-Central Institute of Fisheries Technology, Matsyapuri, Cochin, Kerala (682 029), India
  • R. K. Renjith ICAR-Central Institute of Fisheries Technology, Matsyapuri, Cochin, Kerala (682 029), India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.23910/1.2024.5153

Keywords:

Chitosan, colour, freezing, gold nanoparticles, trisodium citrate

Abstract

This study was conducted during the period September 2020–January 2023 at ICAR-Central Institute of Fisheries Technology, Cochin. The study was to develop a cost-effective freeze indicator using gold nanoparticles. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were synthesized using chitosan and trisodium citrate (TSC) as a reducing agent. Various chitosan samples with different molecular weights were obtained from commercial chitosan units. Chitosan was employed at two distinct concentrations. The UV-Vis spectra exhibited the characteristic peak of AuNPs at 520–530 nm in all analyzed samples. The samples containing chitosan displayed a light pink color, whereas those containing TSC exhibited a ruby red color. An increase in chitosan concentration led to an increase in absorbance of the SPR peak. The full width at half maximum (FWHM), zeta potential, and conductivity of the nanoparticles were also investigated. The stability of the synthesized nanoparticles was assessed during frozen storage at -18°C, revealing that the sample containing TSC became colorless upon freezing. The stability of chitosan-containing samples improved with higher concentrations and molecular weights. No distinct color change upon freezing was observed in the samples synthesized using chitosan. The AuNPs synthesized using TSC were evaluated and the significant color change demonstrated by the sample confirmed that the nanoparticle solution synthesized using TSC at a gold concentration of 1 mM can serve as an effective freeze indicator for food and pharmaceutical applications.

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Published

2024-04-19

How to Cite

1.
Sreelakshmi KR, Mohan CO, Renjith RK. Economic Approach for Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticle-based Freeze Indicator for Fish Products. IJBSM [Internet]. 2024 Apr. 19 [cited 2024 May 19];15(Apr, 4):01-8. Available from: https://ojs.pphouse.org/index.php/IJBSM/article/view/5153

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Section

Articles