Cross-Sectional Survey of Sausage Consumers in Algeria: Prevalence and Risk Factors for Development of Food-Borne Illnesses and Antibiotic Use Behavior

Authors

  • Amina Hachemi Laboratory of Food Hygiene and Quality Insurance System (HASAQ), Laboratory of Animal Health and Production, Higher National Veterinary School, Rue Issad Abbes, Oued Smar, Algiers (16000), Algeria
  • Nora Mimoune Dept. of clinics, Laboratory of Animal Health and Production, Higher National Veterinary School, Rue Issad Abbes, Oued Smar, Algiers (16000), Algeria https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0900-3908
  • Said Boukhechem Dept. of animal production, Institute of Veterinary Science, University of Mentouri Constantine 1, PB 325, Constantine (25017), Algeria
  • Safia Zenia Dept. of preclinics, Research Laboratory Management of Local Animal Resources (GRAAL), Higher National Veterinary School, Rue Issad Abbes, Oued Smar, Algiers (16000), Algeria
  • Sara Zaidi Dept. of clinics, Laboratory of Animal Health and Production, Higher National Veterinary School, Rue Issad Abbes, Oued Smar, Algiers (16000), Algeria
  • Khatima Ait-Oudhia Laboratory of Food Hygiene and Quality Insurance System (HASAQ), Laboratory of Animal Health and Production, Higher National Veterinary School, Rue Issad Abbes, Oued Smar, Algiers (16000), Algeria
  • Djamel Khelef Dept. of clinics, Laboratory of Animal Health and Production, Higher National Veterinary School, Rue Issad Abbes, Oued Smar, Algiers (16000), Algeria 3Dept. of animal production, Institute of Veterinary Science, University of Mentouri Constantine 1, PB 325, Constantine (25017), Algeria 4Dept. of preclinics, Research Laboratory Management of Local Animal Resources (GRAAL), Higher National Veterinary School, Rue Issad Abbes, Oued Smar, Algiers (16000), Algeria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.23910/1.2023.3239

Keywords:

Antibiotics-use, consumers, foodborne, risk factors, sausages, Algeria

Abstract

This cross-sectional questionnaire study was designed to determine the prevalence of food-borne illnesses and potential risk factors among Algerian sausage consumers, and to assess antibiotics use behavior among sick consumers. From August, 2018 to June, 2019, a total of 800 structured questionnaires were distributed randomly to sausage consumers from ten (10) departments of Algiers, Algeria. The data collected were analyzed with different statistical approaches. The results showed that out of the 384 sausage consumers surveyed, 22.39% reported having food-borne illnesses after sausage consumption, with 8.14% of sick consumers hospitalized. The prevalence of foodborne illnesses among sausage consumers was significantly higher among males (25.69%) than females (21.09%) (OR=1.36), and also significantly higher (p<0.01) among consumers without children (24.54%) than among those who had children (17.12%). Sausage consumers who were immuno-deficient had the highest frequency of being sick, 41.38% (OR=3.62, p<0.0001), followed in descending order by consumers who had children, 34.85% (OR=1.9, p=0.01), and pregnant consumers, 28.12% (OR=1.56, p=0.03). For antibiotic use behavior, out of 86 sick consumers, 59.3% had self-medicated on antibiotics, and 17.44% had interrupted the antibiotics treatment. This study provides for the first-time information about baseline of the attitude and behavior regarding antibiotic use among Algerian sausage consumers who developed food-borne illness. Thus, it can be concluded that raw sausage must be consumed with precaution for vulnerable groups at risk. Public education programs should be developed to target misconceptions of antibiotics use and vulnerable groups at risk.

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Published

2023-02-16

How to Cite

1.
Hachemi A, Mimoune N, Boukhechem S, Zenia S, Zaidi S, Ait-Oudhia K, et al. Cross-Sectional Survey of Sausage Consumers in Algeria: Prevalence and Risk Factors for Development of Food-Borne Illnesses and Antibiotic Use Behavior. IJBSM [Internet]. 2023 Feb. 16 [cited 2024 May 25];14(Feb, 2):220-8. Available from: https://ojs.pphouse.org/index.php/IJBSM/article/view/546

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