Genotypic Difference in Growth and Physiological Indices of Grain Amaranth Species under Salinity Stress

Authors

  • Divyesh H. Ramani Dept. of Genetics and Plant Breeding, C. P. College of Agriculture, Dantiwada, Gujarat (385 505), India
  • Anuj Kumar Singh Bio Science Research Centre, Dantiwada, Gujarat (385 505), India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3101-2077
  • Nitesh N. Prajapati Centre for Crop Improvement, S. D. Agricultural University, Sardarkrushinagar, Banaskantha, Gujarat (385 506), India
  • Kapil Kumar Tiwari Bio Science Research Centre, Dantiwada, Gujarat (385 505), India
  • Hitendra S. Bhadauria Dept. of Genetics and Plant Breeding, C. P. College of Agriculture, Dantiwada, Gujarat (385 505), India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.23910/1.2023.3332

Keywords:

Amaranthus, growth, physiological indices, salt tolerance index

Abstract

The present experiment was conducted during October to February of year 2019−20, to investigate the effect of salinity on  morpho-physiological traits and identify the genotype have higher salt tolerance among  ten genotypes belongs to three  grain Amaranth species. Plant growth traits viz., plant height, shoot and root dry weight decreases with increase in the salinity stress level (EC of 5 and 10 dS m-1) in all the genotypes, however significant (p<0.01) genotypic difference were present among genotypes and GA-5 maintained the maximum growth under salinity. Percent decrease in SDW and RDW was lowest (10.61−23.86 and 10.37 and 26.59) in A. hypochondriachus while in A. cruentus (15.10-29.55 and 12.78-33.09) and A. caudatus (15.15−28.84 and 16.62-34.90). Salinity significantly (p<0.01) decreases the membrane stability, relative water content and leaf potassium content while, leave sodium content increases. As compared to other genotype GA-5 have maximum membrane stability (53.30), relative water content (85.40%),  K+ accumulation and minimum Na+ accumulation in leaves.Morpho-physiological traits of grain Amaranthus species are significantly positively correlated with dry shoot biomass (0.649), MSI (0.770), RWC (0.768), chlorophyll (0.908), carotenoid (0.883) and leaf potassium (0.883).  It might be concluded that among studied genotypes GA-5 maintained the growth and have higher physiological efficiency results into maximum salt tolerance index also morpho-physiological traits like dry weight, RWC, MSI, Chlorophyll, Carotenoid and leaf potassium content might be utilised for selection of salt tolerant Amaranth genotypes.

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Published

2023-02-20

How to Cite

1.
Ramani DH, Singh AK, Prajapati NN, Tiwari KK, Bhadauria HS. Genotypic Difference in Growth and Physiological Indices of Grain Amaranth Species under Salinity Stress. IJBSM [Internet]. 2023 Feb. 20 [cited 2024 May 25];14(Feb, 2):268-7. Available from: https://ojs.pphouse.org/index.php/IJBSM/article/view/555

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