Crop Residue Management in Cotton

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Authors

  • A. V. Ramanjaneyulu Agricultural Research Station, Tornala, Siddipet district, Telangana (502 114)
  • B. Ramprasad Regional Agricultural Research Station, Warangal, Telangana (506 007)
  • N. Sainath Agricultural Research Station, Tornala, Siddipet district, Telangana (502 114)
  • E. Umarani Agricultural Research Station, Tornala, Siddipet district, Telangana (502 114)
  • Ch. Pallavi District Agricultural Advisory and Transfer of Technology Centre, Tornala, Siddipet district, Telangana (502 114)
  • J. Vijay District Agricultural Advisory and Transfer of Technology Centre, Tornala, Siddipet district, Telangana (502 114)
  • R. Jagadeeshwar Director of Research, Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University, Rajendranagar, Telangana (500 030), India

Keywords:

Cotton residue, burning, pollution, management, multicrop shedder

Abstract

Cotton is the most important commercial crop across rainfed growing regions in India. It produces kapas which has wide variety of uses in industry. Besides, it leaves lot of residues which include stalks, locules, leaves and roots in the field after picking kapas. A huge quantity of residue is being generated across different cotton growing states in India and a large portion of it is being burnt on-farm primarily to clear the field for sowing succeeding crops and for clean cultivation. But, it is leading to environmental pollution and emission of green houses gases. Further, valuable plant material is being lost which otherwise can be used for productive purposes. Many researchers found that insitu incorporation of crop residue would enrich soil fertility, enhances crop productivity and conserves the environment. This paper discussed various machinery with main emphasis on multi crop shredder and also different options for managing the cotton residues effectively.

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Published

2023-07-03

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Section

Articles