Multifarious Uses of Castor (Ricinus communis L.)

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Authors

  • A. V. Ramanjaneyulu Regional Agricultural Research Station, (Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University), Palem, Nagarkurnool district, Telangana state (509 215), India
  • G. Anudradha Regional Agricultural Research Station, (Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University), Palem, Nagarkurnool district, Telangana state (509 215), India
  • M. Venkata Ramana Regional Agricultural Research Station, (Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University), Palem, Nagarkurnool district, Telangana state (509 215), India
  • A. Vishnu Vardhan Reddy Director, ICAR-Indian Institute of Oilseeds Research, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad, Telangana state (500 030), India
  • N. Madana Gopal Santhiram College of Pharmay, Nandyal, Kurnool district, Andhra Pradesh (518 501), India

Keywords:

Biofuel, castor, diversified uses

Abstract

Castor (Ricinus communis L.) bean plant has diversified uses as various parts of it can be used in agriculture, industry, medical, and ornamental fields. It is an ideal candidate for production of high value, industrial and oil feed stocks, which was due to high oil (48−52%) and recinoleic acid (85-90%) contents. Its’ unique fatty acid composition allows oil to provide economically competitive feed stocks needed for production of premium quality biodiesel, short chain aviation fuels, fuel lubrication additives and high value biopolymers. Further, various parts of castor plant and oil are used against eye infection, liver disorders and sexually transmitted diseases. Castor cake finds application in Agricultural fields as a nutrient source. Its’ leaf can be used for feeding eri silk worms in ericulture. An attempt was made to document innumerable uses of castor across various sectors as it was not done earlier. The articles discusses future of this crop in the light of increasing demand for ricin free castor besides expanding area and need for enhancing productivity.

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Published

28-11-2017

How to Cite

Ramanjaneyulu, A. V., Anudradha, G., Ramana, M. V., Reddy, A. V. V., & Gopal, N. M. (2017). Multifarious Uses of Castor (Ricinus communis L.). International Journal of Economic Plants, 4(Nov, 4), 170–176. Retrieved from https://ojs.pphouse.org/index.php/IJEP/article/view/4526

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Articles